By Tommy Clarkson from the June 2018 Edition
Pseudobombax ellipticum Family: Bombacaeae
Also known as: Amapolla, Bobax, Pink Bombax or Pink Shaving Brush Tree
Upon seeing the flowers of the Shaving Brush Tree, one instantly comprehends how and why it got its name. But beyond looking a great deal like what its name implies, they are quite unique and beautiful! In fact, those two words apply to all manner of this plant from its rather different trunk to its array of possible growth and presentation applications.
It is native to Southern Mexico, Guatemala, El Salvador, and Honduras and – via its fans – has found its way, in abundance, to the Caribbean and Southern Florida. It sports a stout, smooth, sometimes swollen, unnamed, dark green trunk often with a tortoise shell pattern and fissured with gray bark. But don’t let those wrinkles and gray fool you, the Pseudobombax ellipticum is a fast grower, attaining thirty feet (9.14 meters) or more quickly.
I’ve read about but never seen specimens that, purportedly have reached the sixty to seventy feet (18.28 -21.33 meters)range in standup stature. But, quite interestingly, if grown in a pot and regularly trimmed, you have a wonderfully attractive, compact one of as small as three feet (.91 meters) tall.
As to body building, they’re not particular. They develop multiple trunks with highly ornamental bark as often as solitary ones (sometimes, with maturity, a bit bottle shaped) and what with its numerous stems, it’s often described as octopus shaped. Its limbs are not so muscle bound and are usually of a lighter color of green, with vertical striations stripping of greens, yellows, browns and white. Often, they are, in fact, what an old chum of mine who, as a football pulling guard seemed to appear wider than they are tall!
Its leaves are magnificent and reason enough to have this tree in your garden. They are long-stalked and comprised of five to seven, deep green, palmately arranged, leaflets. Each is elliptic to obovate and from six inches to a foot (15.24 – 30.48 cm) in length. These form a circular outline for the leaf whole. The freshly unfurled leaves often boast a beautiful reddish-bronze color. And while the younger leaflets normally lay in a flat plane, the older ones become so large that they become pen-dent. They usually absent the tree in December or January with none to return until March sometime.
Interestingly, the terminal flower buds begin to form in late autumn or early winter and in February expand from looking like brown toy tops to being six inches (15.24 cm) in length, velvety and cigar shaped. Riffle has described the ensuing process of them opening “at dusk to reveal five half inch-long (1.27 cm), recurved velvet brownish and white and petals and hundreds of six to eight inch-long (15.24 -20.23 cm) white or pink stamens very reminiscent of the vernacular name.” This opening process is even a bit quirky as when these flowers unfold, they some-times do so with an audible pop!
Riffle also observed that “The pink flowered forms are more spectacular during the daylight hours, but the white-flowered form is astonishingly attractive in the moonlight and is said to have larger blossoms.”
For quite some time, it was believed that these blooms were pollinated by bats. However, new research has divulged that they are pollinated by the wind or flower-feeding mammals.
Additionally, they are regulars on the bees’ and hummingbirds’ busy floral social calendar!
The Shaving Brush Tree likes sun to light shade, fertile, moist and well-draining soil and is moderately salt, wind and drought tolerant. It is best propagated via cuttings or seeds. Its recommended landscaping applications include in xeriscaping, on coastal areas, as a specimen tree, in street-side usage or for in-corporation in public areas.
Folks long before us have been enamored by the Shaving
Brush Tree as evidenced by its presentation in the artwork on Mayan ceramic pieces. Today, the Shaving Brush Tree wood is sometimes used for carving handicrafts. Its seeds can be toast-ed and eaten and I’ve read that the fruit fibers have been used to fill pillows as well as to provide insulation. Beyond that, by way of third party, Jim Conrad reports in his on-line newsletter Naturalist Newsletter that “In Las Plantas Medicinales de México I read that the flowers can be cooked to make a tea for fevers and coughs and the powdered bark can tighten the gums.”
(I don’t know about you, but tight gums have always been at the forefront of my daily concerns!)
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Tommy Clarkson is a bit of a renaissance man. He’s lived and worked in locales as disparate as the 1.2 square mile island of Kwajalein to war-torn Iraq, from aboard he and Patty’s boat berthed out of Sea Bright, NJ to Thailand, Germany, Hawaii and Viet Nam; He’s taught classes and courses on creative writing and mass communications from the elementary grades to graduate level; He’s spoken to a wide array of meetings, conferences and assemblages on topics as varied as Buddhism, strategic marketing and tropical plants; In the latter category he and Patty’s recently book, “The Civilized Jungle” – written for the lay gardener – has been heralded as “the best tropical plant book in the last ten years”; And, according to Trip Advisor, their spectacular tropical creation – Ola Brisa Gardens – is the “Number One Tour destination in Manzanillo”.