Herbs. and Spices / Hierbas y Especias

By Manzanillo Sun Writer from the May 2014 Edition

Adobo Marinade Mixture consisting of paprika, oregano, salt, garlic,
and vinegar
Allspice Pimienta Dulce Equal amounts: nutmeg, cloves, cinnamon
Anise Anís Licorice flavored, allied to star anise
Baking Soda Bicarbonato de sosa
Baking Powder Levadura en polvo
Basil Albahaca A sweet but fragrant herb is used in Italian
cooking.
Bay Leaf Laurel Aromatic leaf used in soups and stews
Capers Alcaparras For fish dishes
Caraway Alcaravella Used in rye bread
Cardamom Cardomomo A component in curry powder
Cayenne Pimentón Hot chili pepper
Celery Seed Semilla de Apio Stews
Celery Salt Sal de Apio To make: Grind 1 part celery seed to 2 parts salt.
Chamomile Manzanilla A plant used as a tisane for its sedative powers.
Chervil Perifollo An herb of the parsley family.
Chili Chili In Mexico, both the Ancho Chili and Chipotle Chili
powders are available, also a square packet of
compressed sauce.
Chinese 5 spice 5 Especias chinas Mixture of: toasted and ground cinnamon ,cloves,
fennel, star anise, and Sezchuan peppercorns
Chives Cebollin Pungent member of the scallion, or green onion
family.
Cilantro Cilantro A strong flavor used in most salsa.
Cinnamon Canela Cinnamon sticks best, also available in powder.
Clove Clavo Great in ginger bread, baked ham or with apple pie
or pudding
Cocoa Used in Moles. A special dish usually made with
chicken.
Coriander Cilantro Seed of the cilantro, can be termed herb or spice.
Cream of Tartar Crema de Tártaro Baking soda good substitute. A good leavening
agent.
Cumin Comino Adds peppery flavor when added to curry or chili.
Curry Curry East Asian mixture of toasted seeds and ground
spices: Cumin, cardamom, coriander,
ground turmeric, dry mustard, cayenne pepper.
Dill seed Encido/Eneldo Dried seed of dill plant.
Fennel Hinoja, Canamo Italian or Mediterranean cuisine has licorice
flavor.
Garlic Ajo Only thing better than a little garlic, is a lot of
garlic.
Ginger Jenjibre, Gengibre Aromatic, pungent and spicy, wonderful in stir
fries and ginger breads.
Herbes de Provence Mixture of savory, marjoram, rosemary, thyme, oregano and
lavender leaves.
Hoisin Chinese Barbecue Sauce
Horseradish Rábano Picante This ancient grated root is used as a pungent spice
with beef or in seafood sauces, but has many
medicinal properties. Mix shreds of root with
vinegar and dry mustard to keep as sauce.
Hot Sauce Salsa Picante/Salsa Caliente Tabasco is available. There are different kinds to
choose from.
Italian Seasoning Condimento Italiano Mixture of: Basil, or oregano, rosemary,
marjoram, cilantro, thyme, savory and red pepper
flakes.
Ketchup Salsa de tomate
Lime juice Jugo de Limon Lemons are rare and the lime is readily available.
Mace Macis Aromatic, ground from the dried aril around
nutmeg seed.
Marjoram Mejorana Herb used extensively for lamb in Mediterranean
recipes.
Meat tenderizer Ablandador de Carne A mixture of spices including Bromelain (and often
MSG). Several fruits can do the same thing ie.,
Papaya.
Mint Yerbabuena There are many varieties but the one called
English mint is used for mint sauce with lamb.
Chop mint finely, add vinegar and sugar.
Mole This sauce can come pre -mixed in many basic
flavors. It is not difficult but time consuming to
make at home. The base is a Dona Maria sauce
purchased at any supermarket.
Moles come in various flavors and ingredients, with chili
peppers as the common factor. However, the classic mole
version is the variety called mole poblano, which is a dark red
or brown sauce served over meat.
Mustard (dry) Mostaza (seco) Ancient spice used in many recipes for mixed
spices and curries.
Nutmeg Nuez Moscada Used in Allspice and often with cloves and
cinnamon for cakes
Onion salt Sal de Cebolla Three parts salt to Onion powder
Oregano Orégano Mexican Oregano is a little stronger than Italian.
Use sparingly.
Paprika Pimenton Dulce Hard to find in Manzanillo.
Parsley Perejil Most popular herb and relative of celery
Pepper (Black/White)Pimienta (Negra/Blanca)
Peppermint Essencia de Menta Cross between wintermint and spearmint.
Pickling Spices Especias para encurtidos Hard to find in Manzanillo. Mixture of : Cinnamon,
Allspice, Mustard Seed, Coriander, Bay Leaves, Ginger,
Chilies, Cloves, Black Pepper, Mace,  Cardamom, and Sulfiting
Agents.
Poppy Seed Semilla de Amapolla From Opium poppy, banned in Mexico.
Poultry Seasoning Sazonador para aves/ Mixture of: dried sage, rosmary, thyme
condimento para aves marjoram, nutmeg and black pepper.
Rosemary Romero Fragrant leaf used in stuffing , other herb mixture
and with lamb.
Saffron Azafrán Dried stigma from the crocus. Used in Paella and
savory rices
Sage Salvia An aromatic leaf used to season meats (pork or
geese)
Salt (Sea Salt) Sal (Sal del Mar) Sea salt from Cuyutlan is available in Manzanillo
Savory Salado Similar to oregano it is used in herb mixtures &
German foods.
Sesame Seeds Semilla de ajonjoli One of the first seasonings. Adds a nutty flavor to
Asian dishes
Sesame Oil El aceite de sésamo (Ajonjoli) Not often available in Manzanillo
Tarragon Estragòn Used in fish dishes
Turmeric Cúrcuma Yellow powder. Ingredient in curries. Of the ginger
family
Vanilla Vainas de Vainilla Native to Mexico’s Pre-Columbian Mesoamerican
people who cultivated the vine of the vanilla

Worcestershire Sauce    Salsa Ingles’

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Manzanillo Sun’s eMagazine written by local authors about living in Manzanillo and Mexico, since 2009

Manzanillo Sun Writer

Manzanillo Sun's eMagazine written by local authors about living in Manzanillo and Mexico, since 2009

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